"Not for glory, nor riches, nor honours"
In the opinion of many Scots, there is nothing
more beautiful than the Saint Andrew’s Cross Flag of Scotland.
Andrew and Peter, brothers and fishermen, were the first disciples called by Jesus. Andrew is said to have preached the Gospel as far as the Black Sea. He was reportedly crucified by the Romans on an X-shaped cross – he insisted he was not worthy to be crucified on the same type of cross as Christ – at Patras in Greece, in AD 69. November 30 is his feast day.
Andrew's bones rested in Constantinople until a bishop or saint (there is some controversy over exactly when and who) carried them to the “far ends of the earth for safe-keeping,” and laid them in a small chapel in the place now known as St. Andrews. During a 9th century battle with the English, the Scots saw a cloud shaped like a saltire – a diagonal, equal-limbed cross – in the blue sky, and declared that Andrew was watching over them. They won the battle.
The wonderful Declaration of Arbroath cites Scotland's conversion to Christianity by St. Andrew, and declares Scotland’s independence from England. The Scots testified with their lives to the idea loved by so many Brits and described in the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320:
It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom – for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.
For more, see Liberty! The Timeline.