Independence Hall, Philadelphia
The summer of 1787, when members of the Constitutional Convention struggled to create the US Constitution in Independence Hall, was sweltering.
The weather in William Penn's city of Philadelphia is projected to be 99 degrees Fahrenheit today (37 degrees Celsius). On 10 June 1908, Philadelphia was 85 degrees. The city hit 91 degrees on 22 June; 92 on the 23rd; and 95 on the 24th. Still, there were no 99 degree days. It may be a little cooler where my family lives, outside the city in Chester County, or it may be just as hot, and as my aunt sinks into her sofa with a glass of iced tea and a book, she may think, 'global warming'. Here are a few cool items in case she does -
Item "In just 16 months we have seen global cooling greater than the 0.7 degrees net warming recorded by the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the whole of the 20th century".
Item "The extent of Antarctic sea ice in the austral winter was the greatest on record since James Cook discovered the place in 1770. We could also add that Arctic ice cover this winter is over a million square kilometres more than it was last year, with Greenland ice between Canada and southwest Greenland having reached its greatest extent in 15 years", writes Phil Chapman in the Australlian. He's the geophysicist and astronautical engineer who was the first Australian to become a NASA astronaut.
Item In January we noted that the Canadian Space Agency has been reporting Flux Density Values so low they will mean a mini ice age if they continue. Flux Density Values reflect the Sun's magnetic activity, which affects the rate at which the Sun radiates energy and warmth. In January the Flux Density Adjusted for 1 A.U. was 0071.4. On 9 June, the Flux Density Adjusted for 1 A.U. was 0068.1.
Do we want to win free of our dependence on carbon-based fuels that supposedly cause global warming? Yes. Do we want to do it through expensive new mandates that will raise gas and utility bills and put our money in the hands of governments, lobbyists, corporations, and Al Gore? No.