Happy St Andrew's Day
In 1320 Scots issued the Declaration of Arbroath. Stating that Scotland had converted to Christianity through the inspiration of St. Andrew, they passionately affirmed their love of liberty -
It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom – for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.
St Andrew - his Greek name means manhood and valour - was Christ's first apostle and the brother of Peter. He is said to have preached in Asia Minor, Scythia, Russia and Greece and to have been martyred on an X-shaped cross. it is believed that his relics were brought to St Andrews early in the 8th century.
During a 9th century battle, the Scots saw a cloud shaped like a saltire – an X-shaped cross – in the blue sky, and declared that St Andrew was watching over them. They won the battle.
The Scots have stood shoulder to shoulder to defend freedom - their own freedom, the freedom of fellow Brits and the freedom of men and women around the world.
Their valour is legendary. Their scientific achievements, innovative ideas and enterprise have helped to overcome disease and make life happier and more comfortable for millions.
Adam Smith in Chengdu, China. He's a hero of the freedom and science timelines.
Photo permission by Tom G Palmer (tomgpalmer. com) of the Cato Institute (cato.org/) and the Atlas Economic Research Foundation (email@example.com)
Poet Robert Burns
A man's a man for a' that.
But a woman looks better in Jean Muir.
From West Lothian, singer Susan Boyle.
Glimpsing the soul of Scotland in Edinburgh. . .
and Loch Lubhair. . .
and in events held round the country to celebrate St Andrew's Day.